United Nations, October 27
As nations head for the crucial climate summit in Glasgow, India said the conference should not just be about ‘pledges and pledges’ and the world needs fast and deep emissions cuts during this decade rather than distant goals.
“Science has time and time again made clear the urgency for accelerated climate action. Recent extreme weather events across the world corroborate what science is telling us,” said the Minister for Environment, Forests and of Climate Change, Bhupender Yadav.
Addressing the high-level meeting “Delivering Climate Action for People, Planet and Prosperity” convened by President of the 76th Session of the United Nations General Assembly Abdulla Shahid on Tuesday, Yadav said the world needed rapid, sustained and deep emissions reductions in this decade rather than distant targets.
“However, the current discourse on climate ambition seems to be shifting the goals.”
The high-level summit was convened just days before world leaders gather for the 26th climate change conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Glasgow from October 31 to November 12.
“The world’s trust in UN processes and forums must be maintained by all. Let COP26 be a COP of actions on funding and technology support and not just promises and pledges,” Yadav said.
He affirmed that as a global community, there is a need to ensure that everyone has the right to sustainable development and growth.
“The fight against climate change is a shared global challenge. Global climate action must be guided by the principles and values of climate justice, equity and common but differentiated responsibilities in light of national circumstances, as enshrined in the United Nations Framework Convention and its Agreement of Paris,” he said.
Emphasizing that “it is already late,” Yadav stressed that it is time for everyone to act faster against climate change.
“Those who are historically responsible for climate change and who have benefited in the past from carbon-intensive development must step up and take the lead in providing timely and adequate finance and technology to help developing countries to accelerate their actions,” he said.
Yadav told world leaders at the event that at a time when the developed world is showing a lack of action with only 14.8% reduction in emissions compared to the 18% reduction target before 2020, India exceeds its voluntary emissions target. reduction.
“We reduced our emissions intensity of GDP by 24% between 2005 and 2016, meeting our voluntary pre-2020 target. Our 2030 targets under the Paris Agreement are considered ambitious and consistent with of the Paris Agreement. We are on track to achieve these goals,” he said.
India has also set an ambitious target of 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030. Currently, India has a total installed capacity of 389 GW and has already reached 155 GW of non-fossil fuel installed capacity to date .
“We are accelerating action and we are confident to achieve this ambitious target by 2030,” he said, adding that India is also taking ambitious steps in energy efficiency measures, biofuels, sustainable transport, electric vehicles, improving green coverage, sustainable agriculture.
India has also taken an ambitious National Hydrogen Mission initiative for the production and export of green hydrogen.
Yadav added that the current stock of greenhouse gases is the result of economic growth in industrialized countries in the past, which required increasing amounts of energy in the form of fossil fuels and became the prosperous countries. today with capital stock and infrastructure.
“In contrast, the adverse effects of climate change disproportionately affect developing countries that have contributed little to the stock of greenhouse gases,” he said. —PTI